efflorescence A deposit of salts that
remains on the surface of masonry, brick or plaster when water has
eggshell A gloss range between flat and semi-gloss. The sheen
closely resembles the lustre of an eggshell. Note that eggshell is a degree
of gloss, not a color.
paint that forms an especially smooth, hard film. Enamels may be obtained in
a full range of glosses and can be either latex or alkyd (oil). Consumers,
however, often associate the term with alkyd (oil-based) products.
Products made from synthetic resin derived from petroleum. Epoxies, which
are generally cured by catalysts, are perhaps the most durable of all
The wearing away of a paint film as a result of exposure to the weather.
Prepare the surface by chemical means to improve the adhesion of coatings.
fabric roller An application tool made
from a high nap fabric and designed to apply paint by saturating with paint
and rolling across the surface.
Sanding to taper the edge of dried paint film.
The metal band that connects the handle and stock of a paint brush.
The part of a synthetic paint brush that holds and applies the paint. In a
natural bristle brush, the filaments are often referred to as bristles.
composition used for filling fine cracks and pores to make the surface
smooth before paint is applied.
layer or coat of paint or other material applied to the surface. The layer
remaining after the paint has dried is often called the dried film.
Small pieces of paint surface coming off. Cracking or blistering usually
occurs before flaking.
Easily set on fire.
The temperature at which a coating or solvent produces vapors that are
capable of being ignited when exposed to a spark or flame.
Practically no gloss even when the surface is viewed from an angle. A flat
finish has even less gloss than an eggshell finish. Flat paint is less
durable than higher gloss paint.
The ability of a coating to expand and contract during temperature changes.
ability of a coating to level out and spread into a smooth film. Paints that
have good flow usually level out uniformly with few brush or roller marks.
A tool that is similar to a fabric roller but made from synthetic foam
rubber. It is designed for clear, fine finishes.
horizontal band of decoration around a room, building, mantle, etc.
An agent that helps prevent mold or mildew growth on paint.